S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S
首页  要闻  瀚晟我有料  赣南  客家   原创  专题    客评天下   理论   国内  国际  视觉   健康    惠生活   房产   汽车
 
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  高级搜索
客家新闻网视觉客家
道不尽的美!古村落:这是一首田园诗
来源:梅州旅游    2017-10-20 15:27
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  令人陶醉的田园诗

  暧暧远人村,依依墟里烟。

  狗吠深巷中,鸡鸣桑树颠。

  户庭无尘杂,虚室有余闲。

  久在樊笼里,复得返自然。

  从中原河洛迢迢到南岭,由秦汉而迄今,历经数次大迁徙,辗转万水千山,在南方的穷乡僻壤中,客家人诞生并繁衍播迁,客家古民居、古村落也应运而生。

  古民居、古村落,是代代客家人赖以生存繁衍的避风港,也是客家人精神文化思想的载体,更是分布于海内外各地的客家人魂牵梦萦的精神家园。

  每一个古村落,都能真切地反映着客家人的人文生活空间,都是客家人生息繁衍的一幅幅历史画卷、一首首山水诗篇。

  梅州的乡村,拥有大片纯净的蓝天白云,清脆啼叫的鸟儿,还有满眼的青山绿水。

  保存完好的民风民俗和原汁原味的乡野村落,共同勾勒出了一幅客都乡村休闲画图。

  梅县茶山村:客家民居第一村

  走进茶山村,就被那依山势逶迤相连的古民居所震颤,厚重的文化遗产和丰富的建筑遗存衬托出乡村的质朴和宁静,体现了客家人崇文重教的优良传统,客家围屋、客家民俗、人文历史和热情好客的客家人、雄浑的古民居,以及良好自然生态环境和美丽的田沿风光造就了茶山村独特而优越的旅游环境。

  茶山村位于广东省梅州市梅县水车镇西面,距梅州城区30公里,素有“客家民居第一村”之美誉,村内原有一颗古茶树,故而得名“茶山村”。那依山势逶迤相连的古民居犹如一颗颗璀璨的明珠,着实让人的心灵震颤。茶山民居群始建于明朝后期,多数建于清朝末期和民国初年。其中,400年以上的有祖屋绍德堂;300年以上的有萼辉楼、创毅楼、伯荣楼;200年以上的有承庆楼、德崇楼等五座,百年左右的有萼英楼、振华楼等十多座,至今保存完好。

  梅县桥溪村:古韵天成世外桃源

  用“鱼在水中游,人在画中走”这句话形容梅县区雁洋镇的桥溪村实不为过。桥溪村四面环山,小桥古朴雅致,溪水潺潺流动,还有袅袅升起的炊烟。站在山丘上远眺,只见石径阡陌,梯田层叠,果园飘香,健妇把犁;河边清泉淙淙,村姑浣衣;古老的山村展开一幅客家民俗风情画卷,漫步其中,如诗如画的景致恍如世外桃源。

  桥溪村是梅州东北部雁洋镇的一个自然村落,位于广东梅州阴那山五指峰西麓。明万历年间,福建宁化石壁村的朱陈两姓人家,辗转搬迁,先后来到桥溪村繁衍生息,筚路蓝缕,400多年的宁静乡村生活,营造出如今远离喧嚣的这一方绿洲。

  梅县侨乡村:中西结合,建筑明珠

  在梅县南口镇侨乡村,30多座客家大围屋依麓湖山脚逶迤而建,静卧在铺到极目远处的金黄色的田野里,倒映在半月形的池塘中,俨然一幅大自然浑然天成的乡村油画。

  侨乡村位于梅县区南口镇,距县城12公里,是一个古老、美丽而纯朴的村落。侨乡村原名南虎村,自明嘉靖年间(1507—1566)开村至今,已有500多年历史,世代聚居着以潘氏旺族和刘、黄、钟等姓氏的中原后裔,更有两姓、三姓人家共建房屋祠堂,同住一个屋檐下,实为罕见,充分体现了客家人和亲睦邻的优良传统。慎终追远、敬祖念祖的习俗,形成了独特的宗祠文化。近代以来,村里几乎家家户户都有人出洋谋生,因旅居海外华侨众多,建国后于1958年被命名为“侨乡村”。

  梅江玉水村:怡心怡人、原汁原味

  进入梅江区城北镇玉水村,映入眼帘的是高山、田畴、溪河,粉墙黛瓦的各式客家民居错落其间,翠竹和树木交相掩映。身处其间,一种时光倒流的感觉会油然而生,特别是站在那条通往江西的古道上。挑盐担上江西是无数客家祖辈的生活经历和历史记忆,这条上江西石板路“省道”在玉水穿村而过,由石块和鹅卵石铺就,相信是大家访古探幽的好去处。

  玉水村位于梅城北郊,离市区约20公里,远离尘嚣,然而这里古时曾是梅州与江西商贸流通的必经之地。这一独特的历史和地理位置,为玉水村保留了一些历史人文遗迹,虽经受岁月沧桑洗礼,村落仍相对完整保持了19世纪末至20世纪初的风貌。

  大埔坪山村:层层叠叠,田间人家

  大埔县大东镇坪山村的坪山千亩梯田也是美名在外。村民们“夏种水稻冬种油菜”,营造出“春如道道金链,夏滚层层绿波,秋叠座座金山,冬锁条条苍龙”的四季美景。

  坪山村位于梅州市大埔县大东镇,毗邻福建。坪山村始建于清朝初年,距今有400多年的历史,村落占地面积680多公顷,现有居住人口近200户,650多人。坪山村历史文化底蕴深厚,人文资源丰富,文物古迹众多,自然生态优美,因其有建于明末清初的风景秀丽的千亩梯田而享有“广东元阳”之美誉。大东镇坪山村的千亩梯田源于元末明初,堪称传奇。因弧线优美、风景秀丽,一直以来成为众多摄影爱好者、驴友猎奇的胜地。

  蕉岭石寨村:深山幽林,隔世美景

  明月“竹”间照,清泉石上流。蕉岭南磜镇素有 “粤东竹乡”美誉,大片竹海苍翠常绿,一年四季都生机勃勃。微风吹拂,细竹婆娑,有如“湘灵鼓瑟”,娓娓动听。置身竹海,处处竹香萦绕,令人心旷神怡。隔世古村落石寨村就隐匿在这一片氧吧竹林中。

  石寨村位于蕉岭县城东北34公里,山脉属武夷山脉,呈西北——东南走向,地形呈河谷盆地,是一座有着五百多年悠久历史的古老山村。石寨古村落依偎在被称为“马山”的山脚下,新旧民居围屋错落有致,一条宽约20米的小河将村庄和马山环绕起来,滋润和浇灌着这片沃土。风水大师称之为“玉带缠腰”,寓意富贵逼人、官运亨通。与此相关的还有矗立于石寨村河流另一侧的圣王山上的“青云塔”,顾名思义就是“青云直上”。据当地群众介绍,“这座塔,既镇住河水外流,可以守财,还像一支笔,象征文采飞扬、出人头地?!?/p>

  丰顺种玊上围:三街六巷寻觅百年风华

  盘根错节的古榕郁郁葱葱,清晰地倒映在半月形的池水里,这五棵榕树日夜守卫着它身后的雄伟建筑——种玊上围。一晃300多年已过去,虽然盛景不再,但似乎时光在这里静止了,穿梭在宁静的古巷,朱红的大门敞开,丝毫不减当年气派,康熙年间制造的青砖还稳稳地镶嵌在墙上。

  种玊上围位于汤南镇新楼村,人称“西门古寨”“上围古寨”,创建于清朝顺治年间,至康熙九年完工,工程历经18个春秋,建成至今已有340多年历史。它是集厅、祠、院、堡、居为一体的城堡式古建筑、古民居,其结构独特,布局新奇,在闽、粤、湘、赣围屋中罕见独特。古寨人杰地灵,英才辈出,从古至今,涌现了大批文武魁秀。门口的五棵古榕代表着五位从这里走出的五位举人,太平天国名将罗大纲是古寨九世祖裔孙,一生骁勇善战,清军闻风丧胆。

  平远县春夏秋冬均有不同景致的乡村风情,尤其是金秋的平远,漫山遍野都是黄澄澄的脐橙,果香四溢。

  还有五华县长布镇“林间小溪水潺潺,沿河两岸草幽幽”的如诗画境。

  高山浓雾出好茶的丰顺县八乡山镇,以及兴宁罗岗镇白鹤山下熏风阵阵的田园风光……

  梅州目前有“中国古村落”5个、“广东省古村落”47个,小编将最具代表性的这些古村落风貌以图文并茂的方式整合出来,给人身临其境、心驰神往的极美感受,更让人沉浸在厚重的客家文化氛围中。

梅县区桥溪古韵美景引客来。 (钟小丰 摄)

平远县上举山居秋色 (王瑞荣 摄)

梅江区长沙镇小密田园风光 (高讯 摄)

  丰顺县八乡山镇滩良村的养牛专业户在山坡放牛。(连志城 摄)

大埔县大麻千亩花海美景?。ǜ哐丁∩悖?/font>

  游客置身大埔县大东镇坪山油菜花田中。 (蔡金洲 摄)

梅县区南口镇侨乡美景入画来 (黎金本 摄)

蕉岭县高思金秋梯田 (刘国峰 摄)

  在层层叠叠的梯田茶园上,在首尾相连的客家围屋间,悠闲淡雅的田园气息从空气中一直沉淀到泥土里,萦绕着整个客都梅州。

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