统一下载站 零度软件园 绿色软件 久友下载站 星星软件站 源码下载 游戏狗 51CTO下载 下载王 东坡下载 创e下载园 顶库下载 完美下载 绿软基地 当贝客 比克尔瞎子 软件E线下载 121下载站 快猴网 心愿下载 偶要下载站 华彩软件站 第六下载 雷达下载 ucbug软件下载站 维维软件园 欧普软件 动力软件园 游侠下载站 迷你下载 喜爱下载网 咕咕猪下载站 清清下载吧 AI下载 艾艾软件园 2秒下载网 谷普下载 飞翔下载 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

一圣仙娘花灯:对美好生活的祈求

2017-11-02 16:34  来源:综合网络

  一圣仙娘花灯是江西省九江市修水县古老的传统民俗文化活动。圣仙娘,就是屈原之女纬英。相传,纬英常常为百姓遣除灾凶,治疗疾病,解救痛苦,因此,到宋朝时,被当时的名门望族、宝章阁大学士冷觉斋的先祖奉为家神。从冷觉斋算起,敬奉一圣仙娘的活动沿习至今已有920年历史。至元朝初,冷觉斋的长子冷正叔到湘阴任县尹,对屈原忧国忧民,抱沙沉江的爱国之情有了更深切的理解,出于对忠臣烈女高风亮节的仰慕,在修水老家始创了一圣仙娘花灯会,以造龙船、戏花灯的方式来荣耀祖神,增添节日气氛,也表达了劳动人民对美好生活的祈求。

  古市东皋一圣仙娘据冷氏宗谱记载为冷氏一十四世祖祖传家神。

  一圣仙娘何许人也,一娘就是屈原之长女纬英。在东皋一圣仙娘造船歌中“一娘住在三江口” (也称双港口)三江口即今黄龙山(幕阜山)脚下,乃修江、汨罗江之发源地,与冷姓先祖原居地地理相连。

  冷姓敬奉一圣仙娘沿习至今已历九百二十年历史。

  冷姓在宋朝是全盛时期,其先祖在朝为官者不乏其人,后迁杭州,再迁高安武宁、七喜冷澈分支迁修水。为国尽忠,为父母尽孝传为家风,为表彰为国捐躯者,出于仰慕忠臣烈女的高风亮节,遂在先祖奉一圣仙娘(屈原之女)为祖传家神之后始创一圣仙娘花灯会,造龙船,戏花灯荣耀祖神,沿习至今,经久不衰。明万历(公元1612年)年间,正叔之次子东皋公的子孙在公迁居故里修建冷氏宗祠,修建大学士石牌坊。祠、殿、坊联成一体,蔚为壮观。后因文革破四旧,沿习千百年的造龙船、闹花灯、玩龙灯的民俗活动就此中断。1993年冷氏后裔重建一娘殿,香客盈门,盛况再现。

  作为一种传统民俗文化,一圣仙娘花灯每年活动从当年阴历十二月二十四日起,至来年正月十五为止,历时21或22天,可分为三个阶段:造船、送船、戏灯。

  造船的时间从每年古历二十四持续到大年三十??际庇幸桓鲆鞘剑河梢蝗松泶├穹斐?,到场人伴唱或伴奏。领唱者的唱词通俗易懂,介绍了屈原的家族以及当初造船的神奇过程;共180句,每句七个字。

  然后是送船,在除夕夜,将造好的龙船抬到大草坪或者河滩边,用香烛火纸点燃龙船,等到化为灰烬后洒入江中,用这种方式来祭祀汨罗江下游屈原的英灵。

  正月初一到十五,是“戏灯”的时间?;ǖ票硌菡吣米疟硌萜骶咭来谓敫骷腋骰В菏紫仁羌?、写满了恭贺新年对联的排灯、12面彩旗,然后是由四人抬轿四人护驾的一圣仙娘雕像,然后是小吹伴奏与各式各样的灯笼。灯笼有20多种,其中龙船灯最具特色,船头一艘公、船尾一艘婆、船内一仕女,都穿古时候的服装,他们边舞边唱,灰谐逗乐,配合默契,具有很高的娱乐性与艺术性。乐队由10个人一组的大锣大吹与3个人一组的小吹组成。每个阶段都有不同的音乐与伴奏,全过程的唱腔都是独特而富有地方色彩的。

编辑:钟雅欢
客家新闻网版权所有 互联网新闻信息服务许可证号:3612013001 ICP备案/许可证号:赣ICP备05000929号-1
关于本网 联系电话:0797-8101732 新闻宣传质量监督电话/违法和不良信息举报电话:0797-8101732
客家新闻网版权所有
互联网新闻信息服务许可证号:3612013001