统一下载站 零度软件园 绿色软件 久友下载站 星星软件站 源码下载 游戏狗 51CTO下载 下载王 东坡下载 创e下载园 顶库下载 完美下载 绿软基地 当贝客 比克尔瞎子 软件E线下载 121下载站 快猴网 心愿下载 偶要下载站 华彩软件站 第六下载 雷达下载 ucbug软件下载站 维维软件园 欧普软件 动力软件园 游侠下载站 迷你下载 喜爱下载网 咕咕猪下载站 清清下载吧 AI下载 艾艾软件园 2秒下载网 谷普下载 飞翔下载 S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S 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S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S S

兴国端戏:一个人的独角戏

2017-10-26 11:33  来源:客家新闻网

  在兴国县烈士陵园,民间艺人邓昌恩坐在八仙桌上的“戏棚”内,表演着祖传绝活——端戏。

  在兴国县,对许多上了年纪的人来说,端戏是他们童年欢乐的见证。然而,随着时代的变迁,端戏已渐渐淡出人们的视野,濒临消亡的危险。所幸的是,经过兴国县有关部门的努力,兴国端戏已成功入选兴国县第一批非物质文化遗产。

  兴国端戏,又称蚊帐戏,是流传在兴国樟木、东村、长冈等潋水东河两岸具有悠久历史的民间传统戏曲。在老幼寿诞、婚丧喜事、佛法庙会、春节元宵等民俗活动中,都会有端戏演出。

  兴国端戏,具有悠久的历史。其历史渊源与提线木偶大致相同,坊间流传有:“陈平先师做傀儡,汉旨天下保万民”的说法。在千百年的流传、演变中,逐渐形成为一个独具特色的支派。相传,某年间,宫廷举行一次文艺会演,各执事杂役均需拿出节目参赛。其中,有一位“伙头军”,仓促间只能一人独自演出,于是手端木偶,集生旦净末丑包括乐队于一身,竟然大获成功。故端戏艺人称自己的祖师为“伙头军”。由于端戏艺人集各表演行当于一身,且“民以食为天”,伙头师傅不做饭,其他人就要饿肚子,所以,历来都把端戏称为“戏王”,又叫“小王班”,端戏师傅一登台,其他门类的艺人都要停锣歇鼓,让其先行演出。

  兴国端戏除具有木偶戏的一般特点外,还有其独特的艺术个性。端戏设备简单,人员精干,一个艺人一副戏担,不管大戏小戏、文戏武戏,生旦净末丑,吹打弹唱耍,全靠一个人手、脚、口、舌并用,十指灵活调度完成。端戏剧目丰富,文学性强,题材有人情戏、公案戏、宫廷戏、武侠戏,也有长书大传本的历史戏,此外还有艺人自编、口口相传的讲书本。其音乐大多唱西皮快慢板、二黄等祈阳腔,风格雅致、古朴、纯真,自成流派;它集民间文学、木偶表演、戏剧曲艺、雕塑绘画等艺术形式于一体,且艺人身兼数职,表演形式极富特色,具有很高的艺术和民俗文化价值。

编辑:钟雅欢

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