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V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V

国家非物质文化遗产:新干剪纸

2017-10-26 10:41  来源:综合网络

  新干剪纸属于民间艺术,以“家传”或“互教”方式传承发展。内容多为婚嫁、年节、丧事以及地方民风民俗,气氛热烈,感情淳朴,有广泛的群众基础。2011年,入选第三批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。

  新干剪纸形神兼备,剪纸艺人用一把剪刀或刻刀,几张素纸,凭着心灵手巧和对生活的感悟,剪出生动活泼,生活气息浓郁的艺术作品,有奇花异卉、家畜珍禽;有人物典故、民间传说;有生劳动场景;有时事政治、家事国事,涉及广泛,内容丰富,凭剪纸在人自由想象发挥。新干剪纸多角度多层面反映了当地社会生活和民俗风情。

  1.传统作品

  《鸟儿骑牛娃伴归》《双凤串牡》《老鼠醉酒》《十二生肖》《门帘》《家禽图》《荷茶仙子》《孔开屏》等。

  2.现代作品

  《蝴蝶》系列、《绿色家园》《农材新风》《饲鹅图》《喜狗闹春》《双鱼吻偶》《恭喜发财》《斗?!贰堕倥├帧贰督鹋R搿?庆香港回归)《五十六个民族五十六朵花》(庆祝建国五十周年)等。

  3.技艺传承

  新干剪纸,以族传、家传或自学互教为主,技艺相传,师承关系有断有联,考证起来没有完整的线索和脉络,境内的剪纸艺人星罗棋布,形成了分散的剪纸群体,家传的有七琴镇洪家材的李绿祥及其女洪桂英和孙女林丹;自学、互教的有方祥云、周春生、张伟良等。洪桂英是具有代表性的传承人之一,她创作了大量剪纸作品,题材广泛,内容丰富,技艺精湛,成为新干出神入化的"一把剪"。

  新干剪纸包含了农民朴实的思想、道德、信仰、追求和愿望,具有浓郁的乡土气息和地方特色,形式多样,生动传神,寓意吉祥。

编辑:钟雅欢
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