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V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V V

船灯古韵悠悠,览客家非遗风采

2017-10-12 16:05  来源:梦里客都

  船灯是平远一张亮丽的文化名片,无论是在本土演出,还是外出表演,它总是能获得阵阵掌声,赢得观众的一致好评;同时,它还是省级?;さ姆俏镏饰幕挪?,而这“岸上行船”的表演文艺究竟有何魅力呢?

  缘起

  平远船灯的由来有一个动人的传说:相传清朝康熙皇帝乔装出巡江南,至福建沿海,突遇风暴,险些丧生,幸投宿于一渔船,船家祖父和孙女与其言谈之中,帝获悉渔家饱受渔霸欺凌,不得温饱,甚为恻隐。翌晨临别时,特赠夜明珠一颗,亲笔题赠“渔家乐”金匾和“圣旨”金牌各一。渔翁顿觉福从天降,惊喜交集,叩头跪接。尔后,渔民们再不受渔霸欺凌,且有夜明珠之光,风雨黑夜,均可出海捕鱼。后人便根据这一传说排演船灯。

李程/摄

平远船灯参加梅州市客家山歌旅游节表演-黎锴 摄

  发展

  据《平远县志》记载:两百多年前,船灯表演艺术从闽粤交壤地带传入平远县差干乡湍溪村。刚传入时,“船”用木、竹制作,外表涂以鲜艳的色彩,配以花束、彩带、彩灯;船底部饰以布条,称“水布”,用以遮挡操船者的脚。表演时,前后左右,配合默契,才不失“水中行船”的韵味。曲调大多为民间小调,如《渔家乐》、《闹元宵》、《迎风斗浪》、《夜行船》、《卖杂货》、《十二月古人》等。

  之后,平远船灯在传承中不断推陈出新,表演形式和内容也更加丰富多彩。起初为爷孙两人出海捕鱼,娱乐升平,以后逐渐增加男女谈情、劝世讽俗之类的内容。如《庆胜利》、《抗美援朝》、《喜送公粮》、《迎风击浪》、《花王出巡》、《船灯情》、《迎澳门回归》、《回娘家》等,适应了艺术发展的需要。

  1998年平远县被授予“广东省民族民间艺术(船灯)之乡”的称号,2007年平远船灯被省政府列为第一批非物质文化遗产?;っ?。

张文祥/摄

  影响

  在平远,每逢春节、元宵、端午、中秋节日以及喜庆丰收之时,差干、仁居、上举、泗水等地的群众便由家族或村寨自发制作、排演船灯,以此来庆祝节日、表达丰收后的喜悦之情以及对美好生活的向往。

  近年来,平远船灯影响力不断扩大,先后参加了上海世博会、广东省民间艺术节表演大赛、广东省少儿艺术花会等,还多次登上了马来西亚、印尼等地的国际舞台,在国内外大放异彩。

世博会上的演出

平远广场表演

“平远船灯”在广东省第二届民间艺术表演大赛获铜奖

编辑:钟雅欢
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