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【网络中国节】读懂重阳节的四重内涵

2017-10-27 16:26  来源:客家新闻网

读懂重阳节的四重内涵

□彭璐

  说到重阳节,人们往往想到“登高”“插茱萸”“饮菊花酒”等习俗,赣南人在当天还保留着“炸薯包”等习俗。笔者认为,习俗是节日的传承形式,而不仅是几个具象化的符号,我们过节,更需要去品味节日的内涵,从而把节日的内涵外延到现实生活中的点点滴滴。

  重阳节的内涵包含四重境界,即:敬祖、敬老、孝道、感恩。

  重阳内涵之敬祖。慎终追远是中国人的传统。在古代,重阳节的初衷就是在农作物丰收之时祭祖,以此感谢祖先的庇佑。笔者认为,在家族观念和祭祖观念日渐淡薄的现代,重阳节的“敬祖”内涵不能忽视,它呼唤现代的人们找寻“家”的根源,饮水思源,心系祖先。

  重阳内涵之敬老。重阳节在20世纪80年代被定位为中国的“老年节”,被赋予了“尊老、敬老、爱老、助老”的价值内涵。笔者认为,这提醒了人们记挂家中的老人,并不仅限于“老年节”当天,而是要在平日里,在忙碌的间隙里,问候老人、陪伴老人、关心老人。

  重阳内涵之孝道。敬老和孝道两者既有联系,也有区别。孝道是敬老传统的深化和外延。每个人都会有老的那一天,笔者认为,“孝道”的内涵是对“善事父母”这种美德的赞许与弘扬,对后辈们有着深刻的教育意义。

  重阳内涵之感恩。感恩是敬祖、敬老和孝道的最终升华。人生的各个阶段都离不开他人的帮助,尤其是家人的无私奉献和巨大支持。家人是心灵的港湾,也是精神的支柱。笔者认为,重阳节的“感恩”内涵让我们学会感恩亲人,感恩生命中帮助过我们的每一个人,从而把感恩之心转化成一种处世态度。

  在笔者看来,无论是敬祖、敬老,还是孝道、感恩,重阳节的四重内涵始终都在传递一种“家”的观念。读懂了重阳节的内涵,就能加深对祖先的缅怀之情,对长辈尽孝,对亲人感恩,从而建设好和谐美满的家庭。

编辑:刘秋妤

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