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让乡土人才“活”起来

2017-10-20 15:12  来源:客家新闻网

让乡土人才“活”起来

□黄志伟

  在知识创新、科技创新、产业创新不断加速的时代 ,人才已成为经济社会发展的第一资源。近来,赣州市大力实施人才引进工程,吸引了大批优秀人才到赣州来创业就业。笔者认为,重视人才队伍建设,让农村产业发展急需的乡土人才“活”起来很重要。

  乡土人才,主要是指有一定的文化知识或一技之长、具有很强致富示范效应的农民企业家、回乡的大中专毕业生、农村种植高手、养殖能人、能工巧匠等。他们活跃在农村生产生活第一线,具有丰富的实践经验。打好脱贫攻坚战,发挥乡土人才作用至关重要。

  让乡土人才“活”起来,要让乡土人才有“身份”。乡土人才大多来自生产一线,理论水平普遍不高,但是实践经验丰富,对带动群众快速致富有很大示范作用。对于这些“土专家”“田秀才”,应该以村(社区)为单位,采取村级调查摸底、乡级核实推荐,区级审核认定,按照社会服务型、生产经营型、技能带动型等分门别类进行摸底筛选登记,为每名乡土人才贴上“人才标签”,增强他们的自我认同感和社会认可度。建立乡土人才激励机制,对有突出贡献的给予奖励,并把有一定工作能力的乡土人才纳为村级后备干部或优先选任村级干部,并拓宽乡土人才参政议政渠道,积极推荐优秀乡土人才参选各级党代表、人大代表、政协委员,让“致富带头人”说话更有“分量”。

  让乡土人才“活”起来,要让乡土人才有“舞台”。要健全乡土人才管理制度与创新活动载体,着力搭建乡土人才发挥先锋模范作用的舞台,引导乡土人才创办各种专业合作社,将同行业的乡土人才组织起来组成技术服务团、信息咨询团等,发挥群体优势,实现农村科技、市场资源有效共享、共同致富;开展“送技术下田间”活动,组织乡土人才服务队深入到山间地头、种养基地开展实践指导,现场分析和解决问题;大力推广“乡土人才+贫困户”“能人+农户”、“基地+农户”“公司+农户”等模式,促使他们主动帮助贫困户解决项目、技术、市场难题,成为当地精准扶贫精准脱贫的生力军;组织农户到“田秀才”“土专家”领办和创办花卉、果树、蔬菜、药材种植、畜牧饲养、水产养殖等产业基地观摩交流学习,激发农户建基地兴产业的热情。

  让乡土人才“活”起来,还要让乡土人才有“空间”。要重视对乡土人才的选拔和培训,给他们一个能成长发展和提升能力的空间。组织各行业优秀人才组建师资队伍,采取“请进来 走出去”的方式,培训返乡的创业青年、农村经纪人、农业技术能人、民间艺人、致富能手;按照“缺什么、补什么,干什么、学什么”的原则,开展种植、养殖、电子商务等各类富民产业技能的专项培训,有效提高农村实用人才的技能水平和增收致富能力;加强对乡土人才创业项目的扶持,对科技含量高、开发潜力大、经济效益好的生产项目,从政策上、资金上、技术上予以重点扶持,帮助乡土人才解决在生产、经营中的实际困难和问题。

编辑:刘秋妤
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